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Maximilian Weber (April 21, 1864 June 14, 1920) was a German political economist and sociologist who is considered one of the founders of the modern, antipositivistic study of sociology and public administration. His major works deal with rationalisation in sociology of religion and government, but he also wrote much in the field of economics. His most popular work is his essay The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, which began his work in the sociology of religion. Weber argued that religion was one of the primary reasons for the different ways the cultures of the Occident and the Orient have developed. In another famous work, Politics as a Vocation, Weber defined the state as an entity which possesses a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force, a definition that became pivotal to the study of modern Western political science.

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Max Weber 1878
Max Weber and brothers 1879
Max Weber 1894
Max and Marianne Weber 1894
Max Weber 1917 at the Lauensteiner Tagung. In background: Ernst Toller
Max Weber on June 14, 1920
Politik als Beruf
Die protestantische Ethik und der 'Geist' des Kapitalismus
Max Weber 1878
Max Weber and brothers 1879
Max Weber 1894
Max and Marianne Weber 1894
Max Weber 1917 at the Lauensteiner Tagung. In background: Ernst Toller
Max Weber on June 14, 1920
Politik als Beruf