Since the 1960s, we have seen the failure of the melting pot ideology. This ideology suggested that different historical, cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds could be subordinated to a larger ideology or social amalgam which is America. This concept obviously did not work, because paradoxically America encourages a politics of contestation.
Edward Wadie Said (November 1, 1935 September 24, 2003) was a well-known American literary theorist, critic, and outspoken Palestinian activist. According to Columbia News (Columbia University, where Said spent most of his career), he was "one of the most influential scholars in the world."